The curriculum identifies student learning in terms of content and concepts as well as skills and processes. Assessments are designed to measure student proficiency.
Common Core State Standards
The Elmira City School District has implemented the New York State Common Core Standards. These standards were adopted by New York State in 2010. They set grade-by-grade learning expectations for students in grades PreK through 12 for Mathematics and English Language Arts.
The Common Core State Standards are focused on preparing students to be career- and college-ready. They set clear, consistent and high learning goals. They create clear expectations for what children should know and be able to do in key areas: mathematics, reading, writing, speaking and listening. They are aligned from grades PreK through 12 so that each grade’s learning builds upon what was taught in the previous year.
To help teachers and districts make the transition to the changing standards, New York State has developed English Language Arts and Mathematics modules to guide the implementation of the Common Core standards in the classroom. Elmira City School District teachers are adapting the module lesson plans to fit the needs of their students.
The modules are available at www.engageny.org.
The Common Core State Standards ask teachers to make 12 major "shifts" (changes) in their classrooms.
Six Shifts in English Language Arts
1. Read as much nonfiction as fiction
2. Learn about the world by reading
3. Read more challenging material closely
4. Discuss reading using evidence
5. Write using evidence
6. Increase academic vocabulary
Six Shifts in Mathematics
1. Learn more about fewer key topics
2. Build skills within and across grades
3. Develop speed and accuracy
4. Understand processes in depth
5. Use it in the real world
6. Think fast and solve problems
Standards of Mathematical Practice
1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
4. Model with mathematics.
5. Use appropriate tools strategically.
6. Attend to precision.
7. Look for and make use of structure.
8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.